Complete pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with clinical early, grade I and II endometrioid corpus cancer

Stelios Fotiou, Edward L. Trimble, Katerina Papakonstantinou, Agatha Kondi-Pafiti, Theo Panoskaltsis, George Deliconstantinos, George Creatsas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the risk of pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with a preoperative diagnosis of early endometrial cancer with favorable histological characteristics, assessed by complete pelvic lymphadenectomy. Patients and Methods: A total of 108 patients with clinical early endometrioid grade I or II endometrial carcinoma underwent complete pelvic lymphadenectomy between 2001-2007. Only cases with at least 15 nodes histologically examined were included. All operations were performed by the same team. The preoperative tumor histology was compared with the final pathological findings. The incidence of pelvic nodal involvement was estimated in relation to the final grade and depth of myometrial invasion in halves. Results: The median age of patients was 63 years. In the final histology, 10 tumors (9.3%) of non-endometrioid histology were found. The discordance between pre- and postoperative tumor grade was 32.4%, with 24.1% being upgraded. Nine patients (8.3%) had poorly differentiated tumors and 23 (21.3%) deep (>50%) myometrial invasion in the final pathology. A total of 11 patients (10.2%) had pelvic nodal metastasis. The rate of lymph node metastasis in relation to final grade I and II and myometrial invasion was as follows: grade I, 1.8% (inner half 0%, outer half 14.3%); grade II, 15.9% (inner half 12.1% outer half 27.3%). Overall 19.4% of patients were upstaged at surgery. Conclusion: A significant proportion of patients presenting with early endometrial cancer of optimal characteristics will have a more advanced disease at surgical staging. Complete pelvic lymphadenectomy may increase the possibility of detecting metastatic disease in the lymph nodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2781-2785
Number of pages5
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume29
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Complete pelvic lymphadenectomy
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Favorable histological characteristics
  • Pelvic nodal involvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Fotiou, S., Trimble, E. L., Papakonstantinou, K., Kondi-Pafiti, A., Panoskaltsis, T., Deliconstantinos, G., & Creatsas, G. (2009). Complete pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with clinical early, grade I and II endometrioid corpus cancer. Anticancer Research, 29(7), 2781-2785.