Aims: We investigated whether hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) plays a role in the acute phase of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC). Methods and results: Hearts from wild-type (WT) mice and mice heterozygous for a null allele at the locus encoding HIF-1α (HET) were subjected to IPC (10-min ischaemia/5 min reperfusion, or two cycles of 5 min ischaemia/5 min reperfusion), followed by 30 min ischaemia and reperfusion. Left ventricular-developed pressure, heart rate, and coronary flow rate were measured continuously. Apoptosis and infarct size were assessed by TUNEL assay, cleaved caspase 3 immunohistochemistry, and triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in isolated cardiac mitochondria was measured by a chemiluminescence assay. The phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) and AKT (protein kinase B) were analysed by immunoblot assay. IPC improved functional recovery and limited infarct size and apoptosis after prolonged ischaemia-reperfusion in WT hearts, but not in HET hearts. Mitochondrial ROS production, PTEN oxidation, and AKT phosphorylation were impaired in HET hearts. WT and HET hearts were protected by adenosine, which acts via an ROS-independent mechanism. Conclusion: HIF-1α is required for IPC-induced mitochondrial ROS production and myocardial protection against ischaemia-reperfusion injury.
- Myocardial infarction
- Reactive oxygen species
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)