Competitive repopulation of retrovirally transduced haemopoietic stem cells

Shenwei Qin, Maureen Ward, Harry Raftopoulos, Hongyu Tang, Brigid Bradley, Charles Hesdorffer, Arthur Bank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Gene transfer into haemopoietic stem cells (HSC) may be useful in gene therapy for a variety of inherited and acquired human diseases. Cell division is required for retroviral transduction, and cytokine stimulation is often used to increase mitosis of quiescent HSC. Exposure to cytokines has been shown to have an unfavourable effect on the engraftment of these cells when competed with unmanipulated HSC. We now show that a similar engraftment defect is present when HSC are manipulated and transduced with the human multiple drug resistance (MDR) gene. The extent of the unfavourable competition depended on the relative numbers of cytokine-treated and fresh cells when the two populations of cells were administered simultaneously into marrow-ablated isogenic mice. When the manipulated transduced cells were given 2 or 4 d before the unmanipulated cells there was a much greater engraftment of the manipulated cells. The data suggested that the manipulated cells were at a relative disadvantage for marrow engraftment as compared to fresh cells, presumably due to the more efficient homing and engraftment properties of these latter unmanipulated cells. However, the manipulated cells had no intrinsic inability to engraft when they were the predominant donor cell population. In all cases the percent of MDR transduced cells in the engrafting manipulated cells remained relatively constant at about 25- 30%. These results have implications for the use of manipulated transduced stem cells in gene therapy, suggesting that administering them before adding fresh cells can overcome their engraftment defect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-168
Number of pages7
JournalBritish journal of haematology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


  • Engraftment
  • Gene transfer
  • MDR
  • Stem cells
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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