Interactions between quaternary amino or guanidino groups with anions are ubiquitous in nature and have been extensively studied phenomenologically. However, little is known about the binding energies in non-covalent complexes containing these functional groups. Here, we present a first study focused on quantifying such interactions using complexes of phosphorylated A 3pXA3-NH2 (X = S, T, Y) peptides with decamethonium (DCM) or diaguanidinodecane (DGD) ligands as model systems. Time- and collision energy-resolved surface-induced dissociation (SID) of the singly charged complexes was examined using a specially configured Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FTICR-MS). Dissociation thresholds and activation energies were obtained from RRKM modeling of the experimental data that has been described and carefully characterized in our previous studies. For systems examined in this study, covalent bond cleavages resulting in phosphate abstraction by the cationic ligand are characterized by low dissociation thresholds and relatively tight transition states. In contrast, high dissociation barriers and large positive activation entropies were obtained for cleavages of non-covalent bonds. Dissociation parameters obtained from the modeling of the experimental data are in excellent agreement with the results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Comparison between the experimental data and theoretical calculations indicate that phosphate abstraction by the ligand is rather localized and mainly affected by the identity of the phosphorylated side chain. The hydrogen bonding in the peptide and ligand properties play a minor role in determining the energetics and dynamics of the phosphate abstraction channel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Physics and Astronomy(all)