Comprehensive analysis of the glycoproteome is critical due to the importance of glycosylation to many aspects of protein function. The tremendous complexity of this post-translational modification, however, makes it difficult to adequately characterize the glycoproteome using any single method. To overcome this pitfall, in this report we compared three glycoproteomic analysis methods; first the recently developed N-linked glycans and glycosite-containing peptides (NGAG) chemoenzymatic method, second, solid-phase extraction of N-linked glycoproteins (SPEG), and third, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) by characterizing N-linked glycosites in the secretome of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Interestingly, the glycosites identified by SPEG and HILIC overlapped considerably whereas NGAG identified many glycosites not observed in the other two methods. Further, utilizing enhanced intact glycopeptide identification afforded by the NGAG workflow, we found that the sugar analog 1,3,4-O-Bu3 ManNAc, a “high flux” metabolic precursor for sialic acid biosynthesis, increased sialylation of secreted proteins including recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO).
- 1,3,4-O-Bu ManNAc
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