In this study we transplanted bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) or microglia into rats that had undergone permanent cerebral ischemia and observed the distribution or morphology of transplanted cells in vivo. In addition, we also compared the effects of BM-MNCs and microglia on infarct volume, brain water content, and functional outcome after permanent cerebral ischemia. BM-MNCs and microglia were obtained from femur and brain, respectively, of newborn rats. Adult rats were injected with vehicle or 3 million BM-MNCs or microglia via the tail vein 24. h after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO). The distribution or morphologic characteristics of transplanted BM-MNCs (BrdU/double-stained CD34 and CD45) and microglia (BrdU/double-stained Iba-1) were detected with immunofluorescent staining at 3 or 7 and 14 days after pMCAO. Functional deficits were assessed by the modified neurologic severity score at 1, 3, 7 and 14 days after pMCAO. Brain water content was assessed with dry-wet weight method at 3 days, and infarct volume was determined with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining at 14 days. More BrdU/double-stained CD45- and Iba-1-positive cells were observed than BrdU/double-stained CD34-positive cells around the infarcted area. Some infused microglia showed the morphology of innate microglia at 7 days after pMCAO, and the number increased at 14 days. BM-MNC-treated rats showed significantly reduced infarct volume and brain water content compared to vehicle- and microglia-treated rats. In addition, BM-MNC treatment reduced neurologic deficit scores compared to those in the other groups. The results provide evidence that infusion of BM-MNCs, but not microglia, is neuroprotective after permanent cerebral ischemia.
- Bone marrow mononuclear cells
- Cerebral ischemia
- Therapeutic effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience