Comparison of the therapeutic effects of bone marrow mononuclear cells and microglia for permanent cerebral ischemia

Chao Jiang, Jianping Wang, Lie Yu, Chunying Ou, Xi Liu, Xiaochun Zhao, Jian Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study we transplanted bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) or microglia into rats that had undergone permanent cerebral ischemia and observed the distribution or morphology of transplanted cells in vivo. In addition, we also compared the effects of BM-MNCs and microglia on infarct volume, brain water content, and functional outcome after permanent cerebral ischemia. BM-MNCs and microglia were obtained from femur and brain, respectively, of newborn rats. Adult rats were injected with vehicle or 3 million BM-MNCs or microglia via the tail vein 24. h after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO). The distribution or morphologic characteristics of transplanted BM-MNCs (BrdU/double-stained CD34 and CD45) and microglia (BrdU/double-stained Iba-1) were detected with immunofluorescent staining at 3 or 7 and 14 days after pMCAO. Functional deficits were assessed by the modified neurologic severity score at 1, 3, 7 and 14 days after pMCAO. Brain water content was assessed with dry-wet weight method at 3 days, and infarct volume was determined with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining at 14 days. More BrdU/double-stained CD45- and Iba-1-positive cells were observed than BrdU/double-stained CD34-positive cells around the infarcted area. Some infused microglia showed the morphology of innate microglia at 7 days after pMCAO, and the number increased at 14 days. BM-MNC-treated rats showed significantly reduced infarct volume and brain water content compared to vehicle- and microglia-treated rats. In addition, BM-MNC treatment reduced neurologic deficit scores compared to those in the other groups. The results provide evidence that infusion of BM-MNCs, but not microglia, is neuroprotective after permanent cerebral ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-229
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume250
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • Bone marrow mononuclear cells
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Microglia
  • Therapeutic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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