Comparison of the intrarenal disposition of tobramycin and gentamicin: Therapeutic and toxicologic answers

A. Whelton, G. G. Carter, T. J. Craig, H. H. Bryant, D. V. Herbst, W. G. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In healthy kidneys aminoglycoside drugs demonstrate remarkable renal cortical accumulation characteristics. In our studies the highest levels occurred with the most nephrotoxic agent, neomycin, followed by gentamicin b tobramycin b streptomycin. Within the therapeutic serum range of 1 to 8 μg/ml, gentamicin consistently demonstrated cortical concentrations greater than those of tobramycin. Cortical cellular uptake was saturable at high serum concentrations and could be blocked by the concurrent administration of amino acids. In severely diseased human kidneys the tissue accumulation of the aminoglycosides was significantly reduced. However, tobramycin manifested slight but significantly higher levels than gentamicin. This is of therapeutic importance in drug selection for indolent infections complicating pre-existing renal disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978

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Tobramycin
Gentamicins
Aminoglycosides
Kidney
Preexisting Condition Coverage
Neomycin
Kidney Diseases
Streptomycin
Serum
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Therapeutics
Amino Acids
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Comparison of the intrarenal disposition of tobramycin and gentamicin : Therapeutic and toxicologic answers. / Whelton, A.; Carter, G. G.; Craig, T. J.; Bryant, H. H.; Herbst, D. V.; Walker, W. G.

In: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, Vol. 4, 1978, p. 13-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Whelton, A. ; Carter, G. G. ; Craig, T. J. ; Bryant, H. H. ; Herbst, D. V. ; Walker, W. G. / Comparison of the intrarenal disposition of tobramycin and gentamicin : Therapeutic and toxicologic answers. In: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy. 1978 ; Vol. 4. pp. 13-22.
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