Comparison of techniques for the estimation of the prevalence of poliomyelitis in developing countries

B. Joseph, R. Ravikumar, M. John, K. Natarajan, M. C. Steinhoff, T. J. John

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although reliable data on the prevalence and trends of paralytic poliomyelitis are necessary for health planning, they are often difficult to obtain in developing countries. Comparisons were made of the cost and the time taken to obtain prevalence rates of residual poliomyelitis paralysis in a single community by (1) a surveillance and reporting system using physicians and other practitioners, (2) a school survey covering grades 1 to 12, (3) annual surveys of grade 1 schoolchildren, and (4) a house-to-house questionnaire survey. These techniques gave poliomyelitis prevalence rates of 3-5 per 1000 school-age children, and poliomyelitis incidence rates of 12-29 per 100 000 population per year. The annual grade 1 school survey was the cheapest and easiest to carry out and appears reliable in areas with a high rate of school enrolment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-837
Number of pages5
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume61
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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