Comparison of Survival and Risk Factors of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer in the Geriatric Population

Lujiao Yu, Hong Hong, Jinyu Han, Sean X. Leng, Haiyan Zhang, Xu Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The incidence rate of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), the most common type of thyroid cancer, has increased in the past two decades. The present study analyzed the clinical and pathological characteristics of DTC, and discussed the risk factors for survival in elderly age-risk DTC patients. Methods: Elderly patients who were diagnosed with DTC, and subsequently underwent surgery for DTC, were identified from the SEER database (1988–2008). Based on histology, these patients were divided into C-PTC, FV-PTC, and FTC. The clinical characteristics, pathological features, and treatments undertaken were compared among these patients. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the risk factors to disease-specific survival (DSS). Results: In elderly DTC patients, FV-PTC shows intermediate tumor features compared to C-PTC and FTC, but presented a better outcome. Being male, African-American, tumors sized bigger than 4 cm, extrathyroidal extension, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis, were all strong risk factors for DSS in elderly DTC patients (all p < 0.05). No difference was found between lobectomy and total thyroidectomy with respect to DSS, and radiation therapy conferred no apparent advantage with respect to DSS (both p > 0.05). Discussion: Patients with FV-PTC needed more specific histology cataloging and risk assessment, suggesting conservative therapy. Risk stratification should be paid attention to, and treatment should be individualized for elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number42
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2020

Keywords

  • Disease-specific survival
  • SEER database
  • differentiated thyroid carcinoma
  • elderly people
  • risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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