Comparison of Short-Wavelength Reduced-Illuminance and Conventional Autofluorescence Imaging in Stargardt Macular Dystrophy

Rupert W. Strauss, Beatriz Muñoz, Anamika Jha, Alexander Ho, Artur V. Cideciyan, Melissa L. Kasilian, Yulia Wolfson, Srini Vas Sadda, Sheila West, Hendrik P.N. Scholl, Michel Michaelides

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Abstract

Purpose To compare grading results between short-wavelength reduced-illuminance and conventional autofluorescence imaging in Stargardt macular dystrophy. Design Reliability study. Methods SETTING: Moorfields Eye Hospital, London (United Kingdom). PATIENTS: Eighteen patients (18 eyes) with Stargardt macular dystrophy. OBSERVATION PROCEDURES: A series of 3 fundus autofluorescence images using 3 different acquisition parameters on a custom-patched device were obtained: (1) 25% laser power and total sensitivity 87; (2) 25% laser power and freely adjusted sensitivity; and (3) 100% laser power and freely adjusted total sensitivity (conventional). The total area of 2 hypoautofluorescent lesion types (definitely decreased autofluorescence and poorly demarcated questionably decreased autofluorescence) was measured. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Agreement in grading between the 3 imaging methods was assessed by kappa coefficients (κ) and intraclass correlation coefficients. Results The mean ± standard deviation area for images acquired with 25% laser power and freely adjusted total sensitivity was 2.04 ± 1.87 mm2 for definitely decreased autofluorescence (n = 15) and 1.86 ± 2.14 mm2 for poorly demarcated questionably decreased autofluorescence (n = 12). The intraclass correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval) was 0.964 (0.929, 0.999) for definitely decreased autofluorescence and 0.268 (0.000, 0.730) for poorly demarcated questionably decreased autofluorescence. Conclusions Short-wavelength reduced-illuminance and conventional fundus autofluorescence imaging showed good concordance in assessing areas of definitely decreased autofluorescence. However, there was significantly higher variability between imaging modalities for assessing areas of poorly demarcated questionably decreased autofluorescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-278
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume168
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Strauss, R. W., Muñoz, B., Jha, A., Ho, A., Cideciyan, A. V., Kasilian, M. L., Wolfson, Y., Sadda, S. V., West, S., Scholl, H. P. N., & Michaelides, M. (2016). Comparison of Short-Wavelength Reduced-Illuminance and Conventional Autofluorescence Imaging in Stargardt Macular Dystrophy. American journal of ophthalmology, 168, 269-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2016.06.003