The sensitivities, specificities, and positive and negative predictive values of the Cambridge BioScience Corp. (Worcester, Mass.) human immunodeficiency virus latex agglutination assay were compared by using three different blood preparations. By using the manufacturer's standard test method with diluted sera, the sensitivity of latex agglutination was 100%, the specificity was 99.58%, and the positive and negative predictive values were 99.26 and 100%, respectively. Use of diluted whole blood or undiluted whole blood did not significantly affect the sensitivity (mean, 99.72%), specificity (mean, 99.47%), positive predictive value (mean, 99.07%), or negative predictive value (mean, 99.89%). The latex agglutination assay is a simple, rapid assay for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus that would be useful in the Third World countries or other areas where enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays are not available or cannot be used.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)