With the increasing number of treatment options far heart disease, decision-making requires profiles of risk far conventional cardiac surgery. Refinements in techniques and clinical practices seem to have reduced surgical risk. This study was performed to determine current risk factors. From July 1, 1990, to June 30, 1996, 1,036 consecutive patients underwent 1,042 head operations using standard incisions and cardiopulmonary bypass with cardioplegia. Univariate and multivariate analyses using a logistic regression model were performed to determine factors significant far combined 30-day and hospital mortality. To determine if there were trends in the results and the risk factors, the last 500 consecutive cases in the series were analyzed separately. Overall, 30-day mortality was 17 of 1,042 (1.6%) and combined 30-day and hospital mortality was 27 of 1,042 (2.6%). Significant risk factors far combined 30-day and hospital mortality by multivariate analyses were: emergent/resuscitative status, preoperative dialysis, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30%, valve operation, and creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dl. Comparison with baseline characteristics of the patients undergoing the last 500 consecutive operations to the earlier 542 operations in the study group showed that risk factors had a very similar profile for the 2 groups. The overall 30-day mortality far the last 500 consecutive operations was 5 of 500 (1.0%) and combined 30-day and hospital mortality was 8 of 500 (1.6%). The significant risk factors by multivariate analyses were reduced to left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30% and creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dl. These results indicate that modern techniques and clinical practices have mitigated well-recognized risk factors in conventional cardiac surgery and this trend is ongoing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine