Comparison of relative waist circumference between Asian Indian and US adults

Harpreet S. Bajaj, Mark A. Pereira, Rajit Mohan Anjana, Raj Deepa, Viswanathan Mohan, Noel T. Mueller, Gundu H.R. Rao, Myron D. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Relative to Europeans, Asian Indians have higher rates of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Whether differences in body composition may underlie these population differences remains unclear. Methods. We compared directly measured anthropometric data from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES) survey of southern Indians (I) with those from three US ethnic groups (C: Caucasians, A: African Americans, and M: Mexican Americans) from NHANES III (Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). A total of 15,733 subjects from CURES and 5,975 from NHANES III met inclusion criteria (age 20-39, no known diabetes). Results. Asian Indian men and women had substantially lower body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and body surface area relative to US groups (P values <0.0001). In contrast, the mean (±se) waist-weight ratio was significantly higher (P<0.001) in I (men 1.35 ± 0.002 and women 1.45 ± 0.002) than in all the US groups (1.09, 1.21, and 1.14 in A, M, and C men; 1.23, 1.33, and 1.26 in A, M, and C women (se ranged from 0.005 to 0.006)). Conclusions. Compared to the US, the waist-weight ratio is significantly higher in men and women from Chennai, India. These results support the hypothesis that Southeast Asian Indians are particularly predisposed toward central adiposity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number461956
JournalJournal of Obesity
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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    Bajaj, H. S., Pereira, M. A., Anjana, R. M., Deepa, R., Mohan, V., Mueller, N. T., Rao, G. H. R., & Gross, M. D. (2014). Comparison of relative waist circumference between Asian Indian and US adults. Journal of Obesity, 2014, [461956]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/461956