Comparison of Phenotypic and Genotypic Methods Used for the Species Identification of Lactobacillus NP51 and Development of a Strain-Specific PCR Assay

S. Randhawa, M. M. Brashears, K. W. McMahon, M. Fokar, E. Karunasena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The species level identity of Lactobacillus NP51, a commercial direct-fed microbial previously identified as Lactobacillus acidophilus NP51, was re-evaluated to determine whether new technologies resulted in changes in the original identification. The phenotypic methods for species identification included API 50 CHL kit and two automated systems, Vitek 2 and MIDI (FAME analysis; a total of three independent FAME analyses). Discrepancies among the identification results with all methods of phenotypic analysis were reported. MicroSeqID 500 16S rRNA system (SeqWright Inc., Houston, TX), a genotypic method, identified the organism as Lactobacillus animalis. Cloning, sequencing and subsequent sequence comparison of NP51 16S-23S intergenic spacer region (ISRs) to nucleotide sequence databases using the BLAST search tool indicated that NP51 can now be named L. animalis. When NP51 was originally identified as L. acidophilus, the designation of L. animalis did not exist taxonomically. The NP51 sequence comparisons using BLAST also revealed that NP51 and a strain previously identified as L. animalis LA51 HOFG1 by Flint and Angert are identical strains under different names. A strain-specific primer pair was also identified for HOFG1 by the same research group. A primer pair (using HOFG1 forward pair) also produced an amplicon unique to NP51. These methods demonstrate the significance of genetic-based detection methods both for scientific identification of organisms from biological samples and to prevent misidentification in food and health industry related microorganisms in which proprietary considerations are an important concern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-283
Number of pages10
JournalProbiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • DFM
  • Escherichia coli O157:H7
  • Lactobacillus
  • NP51
  • Probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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