Mice are frequently used as animal models for the study of rotaviral infections. Since natural infection is common in laboratory mice, it is important that rotaviral studies, as well as other studies utilizing suckling mice, employ animals of known immune status to murine rotavirus. A variety of homologous and heterologous enzyme immunoassay systems and an immunofluorescence technique were thus compared to determine the immunoassay that is most effective at detecting adult mice seropositive for rotaviral antibody. It was determined that a homologous enzyme immunoassay inhibition technique utilizing murine rotavirus-derived reagents was the most efficient serologic assay evaluated. A serologic response was consistently detected by this assay by 5 days after experimental rotaviral inoculation of adult mice. A homologous antibody-binding enzyme immunoassay, a heterologous inhibition enzyme immunoassay utilizing antigenically related simian rotavirus (SA-11) reagents, and an immunofluorescence technique utilizing Nebraska calf diarrhea virus antigens were found to be less sensitive for detecting serum antibody to murine rotavirus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)