Comparison of iohexol 300 and diatrizoate meglumine 60 for body CT: Image quality, adverse reactions, and aborted/repeated examinations

M. E. Bernardino, Elliot K Fishman, R. B. Jeffrey, P. C. Brown

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Six hundred patients were prospectively randomized and given either diatrizoate meglumine 60 or iohexol 300 during dynamic contrast-enhanced body CT in order to compare image quality, contrast reactions, and the number of aborted studies or studies in which images had to be repeated. Three hundred two patients received iohexol 300, and 298 patients received diatrizoate meglumine 60. Thirty-nine percent (119/302) of the patients given iohexol 300 and 63% (188/298) of the patients given diatrizoate meglumine 60 had at least one adverse reaction thought to be related to contrast material during, or within 24 hr of, the body CT scan. When reactions of discomfort (heat or warmth, flushing, bad taste) were excluded, 16% (48/302) of the patients who received iohexol and 33% (99/298) of the patients who were given diatrizoate meglumine 60 had at least one adverse reaction. The differences in both types of reactions between the two agents were significant (p <.001). Among scans evaluated for study quality, 71% (214/302) of the iohexol 300 group and 62% (184/298) of the diatrizoate meglumine 60 group had optimal enhancement (p = .02). However, when the optimal and adequate categories were combined, 301 of 302 patients given iohexol 300 and 292 of 298 patients given diatrizoate meglumine 60 had diagnostic-quality studies (no statistical difference). Studies were not terminated nor were images repeated in 97% (292/302) of the patients given iohexol 300 and in 94% (280/298) of those given diatrizoate meglumine 60. The CT study was repeated because of movement during the contrast injection or aborted because of contrast-related reactions in 0.7% of the patients given iohexol 300 and in 3.0% of the patients given diatrizoate meglumine 60. This difference was statistically significant (p = .04). Our results suggest that the difference in image quality, number of adverse reactions, and number of aborted/repeated CT scans performed with iohexol 300 or diatrizoate meglumine 60 are not sufficiently different to warrant conversion to nonionic agents for body CT scans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-667
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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