One hundred fourteen progeny from an interspecific backcross between laboratory mice and M. spretus were typed for six markers spanning most of mouse Chromosome (Chr) 16. Additional maps of 9-10 markers of this chromosome were derived from analysis of over 500 progeny from four backcrosses between inbred laboratory strains and members of the Mus musculus group, M.m. musculus and M.m. molossinus (subspecies). The results of these analyses confirmed the gene order: (CEN)-Prm-1/Prm-2-Igl-1-Smst-Mtv-6-Gap43-Pit-1(dw)-D21S16h-App-Sod-1-Ets-2-Mx. Maps produced from these five crosses were of similar lengths, but recombination in several regions was affected by sex of the F1 parent or by the combination of strains used in the cross. As reported previously, recombination frequencies were elevated significantly at the distal end of the chromosome in a cross using F1 males. The male map showed significant compression in the interval Smst to Gap43. Both male and female intersubspecific maps were expanded near the proximal and distal ends of the chromosome relative to the interspecific cross. The spretus cross was compressed in the proximal interval, Prm-1-Igl-1-Smst, and was slightly expanded in the Smst-Gap43 interval, relative to intersubspecific crosses using F1 females. Female intersubspecific maps were expanded about 50% near the distal end of the chromosome when compared to the interspecific cross. The expansion or compression of maps using different strain or sex combinations has implications for the efficient production of high resolution recombinational maps of the mouse genome.
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