Comparison of intensive versus conventional insulin therapy in traumatic brain injury: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Rafael A. Núñez-Patiño, Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Lucia Rivera Lara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare intensive insulin therapy (IIT) and conventional insulin therapy (CIT) on clinical outcomes of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing IIT to CIT in patients with TBI. Study-level characteristics, intensive care unit (ICU) events, and long-term functional outcomes were extracted from the articles. Meta-analysis was performed with random-effect models. Results: Seven RCTs comprising 1070 patients were included. Although IIT was associated with better neurologic outcome (GOS > 3) (RR=0.87, 95% CI=0.78-0.97; P=0.01; I2=0%), sensitivity analysis revealed that one study influenced this overall estimate (RR=0.90, 95% CI=0.80–1.01, P=0.07; I2=0%). IIT was strongly associated with higher risk of hypoglycaemia (RR=5.79, 95% CI=3.27–10.26, P<0.01; I2=38%). IIT and CIT did not differ in terms of early or late mortality (RR=0.96, 95% CI=0.79–1.17, P=0.7; I2=0%), infection rate (RR=0.82, 95% CI=0.59–1.14, P=0.23; I2=68%), or ICU length of stay (SMD= –0.14, 95% CI=–0.35 to 0.07, P=0.18; I2=45%0.) Conclusions: IIT did not improve long-term neurologic outcome, mortality, or infection rate and was associated with increased risk of hypoglycaemia. Additional well-designed RCTs with defined TBI subgroups should be performed to generate more powerful conclusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-703
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Injury
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2018

Keywords

  • insulin therapy
  • outcomes
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology

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