Comparison of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol) processing intermediates that accumulate in primary and transformed cells treated with peptidic and nonpeptidic protease inhibitors

R. Renae Speck, Charles Williams Flexner, Chun Juan Tian, Yu Xiao-Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) produces two polyproteins, Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol), that are cleaved into mature functional subunits by the vitally encoded protease. Drugs that inhibit this protease are an important part of anti. HIV therapy. We studied the ordered accumulation of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediates by variably blocking the protease with HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs). Variable protease inhibition caused accumulation of a complex pattern of processing intermediates, which was the same after incubating HIV-1-infected cells with increasing concentrations of either one of the peptidomimetic inhibitors indinavir, saquinavir (SQV), ritonavir (RTV), nelfinavir, and SC-52151 or one of the nonpeptidomimetic inhibitors DMP450, DMP323, PNU-140135, and PNU- 109112 for 3 days. The patterns of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediate accumulation were nearly identical when the following were compared: cell- versus virion-associated proteins, HIV-1-infected transformed cell lines versus primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and HIV-1(MN) versus HIV-1(IIIB) virus strains. RTV was a more potent inhibitor of p24 production in PBMCs than SQV by approximately 7-fold, whereas SQV was a more potent inhibitor in transformed cells than RTV by approximately 30-fold. Although the antiretroviral potency, of HIV-1 PIs may change as a function of cell type, the polyprotein intermediates that accumulate with increasing drug concentrations are the same. These results support sequential processing of Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins by the HIV-1 protease and may have important implications for understanding common cross-resistance pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1397-1403
Number of pages7
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2000

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Protease Inhibitors
HIV-1
Saquinavir
Peptide Hydrolases
Ritonavir
gag Gene Products
Blood Cells
pol Gene Products
Nelfinavir
Indinavir
Peptidomimetics
Polyproteins
Transformed Cell Line
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Virion
HIV
Viruses
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol) processing intermediates that accumulate in primary and transformed cells treated with peptidic and nonpeptidic protease inhibitors",
abstract = "Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) produces two polyproteins, Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol), that are cleaved into mature functional subunits by the vitally encoded protease. Drugs that inhibit this protease are an important part of anti. HIV therapy. We studied the ordered accumulation of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediates by variably blocking the protease with HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs). Variable protease inhibition caused accumulation of a complex pattern of processing intermediates, which was the same after incubating HIV-1-infected cells with increasing concentrations of either one of the peptidomimetic inhibitors indinavir, saquinavir (SQV), ritonavir (RTV), nelfinavir, and SC-52151 or one of the nonpeptidomimetic inhibitors DMP450, DMP323, PNU-140135, and PNU- 109112 for 3 days. The patterns of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediate accumulation were nearly identical when the following were compared: cell- versus virion-associated proteins, HIV-1-infected transformed cell lines versus primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and HIV-1(MN) versus HIV-1(IIIB) virus strains. RTV was a more potent inhibitor of p24 production in PBMCs than SQV by approximately 7-fold, whereas SQV was a more potent inhibitor in transformed cells than RTV by approximately 30-fold. Although the antiretroviral potency, of HIV-1 PIs may change as a function of cell type, the polyprotein intermediates that accumulate with increasing drug concentrations are the same. These results support sequential processing of Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins by the HIV-1 protease and may have important implications for understanding common cross-resistance pathways.",
author = "{Renae Speck}, R. and Flexner, {Charles Williams} and Tian, {Chun Juan} and Yu Xiao-Fang",
year = "2000",
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T1 - Comparison of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol) processing intermediates that accumulate in primary and transformed cells treated with peptidic and nonpeptidic protease inhibitors

AU - Renae Speck, R.

AU - Flexner, Charles Williams

AU - Tian, Chun Juan

AU - Xiao-Fang, Yu

PY - 2000/5

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N2 - Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) produces two polyproteins, Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol), that are cleaved into mature functional subunits by the vitally encoded protease. Drugs that inhibit this protease are an important part of anti. HIV therapy. We studied the ordered accumulation of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediates by variably blocking the protease with HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs). Variable protease inhibition caused accumulation of a complex pattern of processing intermediates, which was the same after incubating HIV-1-infected cells with increasing concentrations of either one of the peptidomimetic inhibitors indinavir, saquinavir (SQV), ritonavir (RTV), nelfinavir, and SC-52151 or one of the nonpeptidomimetic inhibitors DMP450, DMP323, PNU-140135, and PNU- 109112 for 3 days. The patterns of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediate accumulation were nearly identical when the following were compared: cell- versus virion-associated proteins, HIV-1-infected transformed cell lines versus primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and HIV-1(MN) versus HIV-1(IIIB) virus strains. RTV was a more potent inhibitor of p24 production in PBMCs than SQV by approximately 7-fold, whereas SQV was a more potent inhibitor in transformed cells than RTV by approximately 30-fold. Although the antiretroviral potency, of HIV-1 PIs may change as a function of cell type, the polyprotein intermediates that accumulate with increasing drug concentrations are the same. These results support sequential processing of Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins by the HIV-1 protease and may have important implications for understanding common cross-resistance pathways.

AB - Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) produces two polyproteins, Pr55(Gag) and Pr160(Gag-Pol), that are cleaved into mature functional subunits by the vitally encoded protease. Drugs that inhibit this protease are an important part of anti. HIV therapy. We studied the ordered accumulation of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediates by variably blocking the protease with HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs). Variable protease inhibition caused accumulation of a complex pattern of processing intermediates, which was the same after incubating HIV-1-infected cells with increasing concentrations of either one of the peptidomimetic inhibitors indinavir, saquinavir (SQV), ritonavir (RTV), nelfinavir, and SC-52151 or one of the nonpeptidomimetic inhibitors DMP450, DMP323, PNU-140135, and PNU- 109112 for 3 days. The patterns of Gag and Gag-Pol processing intermediate accumulation were nearly identical when the following were compared: cell- versus virion-associated proteins, HIV-1-infected transformed cell lines versus primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and HIV-1(MN) versus HIV-1(IIIB) virus strains. RTV was a more potent inhibitor of p24 production in PBMCs than SQV by approximately 7-fold, whereas SQV was a more potent inhibitor in transformed cells than RTV by approximately 30-fold. Although the antiretroviral potency, of HIV-1 PIs may change as a function of cell type, the polyprotein intermediates that accumulate with increasing drug concentrations are the same. These results support sequential processing of Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins by the HIV-1 protease and may have important implications for understanding common cross-resistance pathways.

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