To test the hypothesis that helical computed tomographic (CT) scans provide three-dimensional images as good as or better than those provided by serial CT, two objects were used to study the effects of helical CT: an angled cylindrical bone phantom and a human cadaveric femur specimen with a simulated fracture 1 mm wide. Both objects were immersed in a water bath, and a series of helical and serial CT scans were obtained with various parameters. Volumetric rendering was applied to the resultant data sets to create three-dimensional images, which three radiologists reviewed in a blinded manner to rate their fidelity, accuracy, and diagnostic usefulness. As expected, the images obtained with thin collimation and small intersection spacing or slow table movement were considered superior. Helical and serial CT data acquired with similar parameters were similar in quality, but helical CT is approximately five times faster than serial CT; hence, it is possible to use thinner collimation and obtain more sectional data with helical CT.
- Computed tomography (CT), helical technology
- Computed tomography (CT), three-dimensional
- Femur, CT, 40.1211
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging