Comparison of factor IX methylation on human active and inactive X chromosomes: implications for X inactivation and transcription of tissue-specific genes.

C. R. Cullen, P. Hubberman, D. C. Kaslow, B. R. Migeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Maintenance of dosage compensation for housekeeping genes on the human X chromosome is mediated through differential methylation of clustered CpG nucleotides associated with these genes. To determine if methylation has a role in maintaining inactivity of X-linked genes which show tissue-specific expression, we examined the locus for blood clotting Factor IX. The analysis encompassed 91% of the HpaII and HhaI sites in the 41-kb region that includes the presumed promoter region, 5 kb of 5'- and 4 kb of 3'-flanking sequences. Although there are sex differences in methylation of the locus in leukocytes, the methylation pattern in liver, where the gene is expressed, is essentially the same for loci on the active and inactive X chromosome. The lack of differences in methylation of active and inactive genes makes it unlikely that methylation within the locus has a role in expression of the Factor IX gene. These findings, along with the absence of clustered CpG dinucleotides within the Factor IX locus, suggest that functional differences in DNA methylation related to X chromosome dosage compensation may be limited to CpG clusters. In any event, dosage compensation seems to be maintained regionally, rather than locus by locus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2223-2229
Number of pages7
JournalThe EMBO journal
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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