The activated clotting time is routinely used to monitor anticoagulation during coronary intervention, whereas the hospital laboratory APTT guides pre‐ and postprocedure heparin therapy. An optimal coagulation test for patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization would provide a rapid and accurate assessment of anticoagulation throughout a broad range of heparin therapy. We studied the relationships of the bedside whole blood APTT, ACT, and the laboratory APTT in 166 patients undergoing coronary intervation. The whole blood APTT correlated closely with the laboratory APTT (range 18‐80 sec) (r = .75), whereas the ACT and laboratory APTT had only a fair correlation (r = .42). Also, the whole blood APTT demonstrated a strong correlation with the ACT throughout the range of heparin therapy for intervention (r = .81). The diagnostic accuracy of the whole blood APTT, based on the receiver operating characteristic curve, was significantly better than that for the ACT in determining the anticoagulation status. The whole blood APTT obtained by bedside monitoring provides a rapid and accurate assessment of anticoagulation throughout the range of heparin dosing associated with coronary intervention. In situations in which an adequate assessment of residual anticoagulation is necessary, the whole blood APTT is superior to the ACT and probably should be the method of choice. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine