Comparison of basic peptides- and lipid-based strategies for the delivery of splice correcting oligonucleotides

Alain R. Thierry, Said Abes, Sarah Resina, Adrian Travo, Jean Philippe Richard, Paul Prevot, Bernard Lebleu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Expression of alternatively spliced mRNA variants at specific stages of development or in specific cells and tissues contributes to the functional diversity of the human genome. Aberrations in alternative splicing were found as a cause or a contributing factor to the development, progression, or maintenance of numerous diseases. The use of antisense oligonucleotides (ON) to modify aberrant expression patterns of alternatively spliced mRNAs is a novel means of potentially controlling such diseases. Oligonucleotides can be designed to repair genetic mutations, to modify genomic sequences in order to compensate for gene deletions, or to modify RNA processing in order to improve the effects of the underlying gene mutation. Steric block ON approach have proven to be effective in experimental model for various diseases. Here, we describe our experience in investigating two strategies for ON delivery: ON conjugation with basic peptides and lipid-based particulate system (lipoplex). Basic peptides or Cell Penetrating Peptides (CPP) such as the TAT-derived peptide appear to circumvent many problems associated with ON and drug delivery. This strategy may represent the next paradigm in our ability to modulate cell function and offers a unique avenue for the treatment of disease. Lipoplexes result from the intimate interaction of ON with cationic lipids leading to ON carrying particles able to be taken up by cells and to release ON in the cytoplasm. We have used as an experimental model the correction of a splicing alteration of the mutated β-globin intron causing thalassemia. Data on cell penetration and efficacy of correction of specific steric block ON delivered either by basic peptides or lipoplex are described. A comparison of the properties of both delivery systems is made respective to the use of this new class of therapeutic molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-374
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Volume1758
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • Antisense oligonucleotide
  • Cell penetrating peptide
  • Delivery
  • Liposome
  • PNA
  • Splicing correction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of basic peptides- and lipid-based strategies for the delivery of splice correcting oligonucleotides'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this