Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) occurs most often in patients with heart failure (HF) and is associated with an adverse prognosis. Recently, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been validated as a marker of cardiac function and prognosis. We sought to assess the relation between functional MR and BNP levels in patients with HF, and hypothesized that MR is associated with higher BNP levels. In all, 201 patients admitted with the diagnosis of HF had a transthoracic echocardiogram and measurement of BNP levels within 48 hours. MR was graded as none/trace, mild, moderate, or severe using recently published guidelines of the American Society of Echocardiography. BNP was measured by a commercially available instrument (Biosite). The relation of MR to BNP was assessed using multivariable linear regression methods with a Tobin estimation to account for the truncation of BNP values at an upper limit of 1,300 pg/ml. Mean age of the patients was 67 ± 11 years. The median BNP level was 826 pg/ml. The etiology of HF was predominantly diastolic in 64 patients (32%); 137 patients (68%) had significant left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Mean LV ejection fraction was 37 ± 17%. MR was present in 112 patients (56%). After adjusting for clinical, hemodynamic, and echocardiographic variables, only LV ejection fraction (p = 0.016) and moderate or severe MR (p = 0.023) were significantly associated with BNP. When MR was grouped as any MR versus no MR, only LV ejection fraction (p = 0.017) and any degree of MR (p = 0.029) were significantly associated with BNP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine