Comparing web-based provider-initiated and patient-initiated survivorship care planning for cancer patients: A randomized controlled trial

Katherine Clegg Smith, Elliott Tolbert, Susan M. Hannum, Archana Radhakrishnan, Kelsey Zorn, Amanda Blackford, Stephen Greco, Karen Smith, Claire F. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Survivorship care plans (SCPs) are intended to facilitate communication and coordination between patients, oncologists, and primary care providers. Most SCP initiatives have focused on oncology providers initiating the SCP process, but time and resource barriers have limited uptake. Objective: This trial compares the feasibility and value of 2 Web-based SCP tools: Provider-initiated versus patient-initiated. Methods: This mixed-methods study recruited clinicians from 2 academically-affiliated community oncology practices. Eligible patients were treated by a participating oncologist, had nonmetastatic cancer, completed acute treatment ≤ 2 months before enrollment, and had no evidence of disease. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either provider-initiated or patient-initiated SCPs-both are Web-based tools. We conducted qualitative interviews with providers at baseline and follow-up and with patients 2 months after enrollment. In addition, patients were administered the Preparing for Life as a (New) Survivor (PLANS) and Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs (CaSUN) surveys at baseline and 2 months. Results: A total of 40 providers were approached for the study, of whom 13 (33%) enrolled. Providers or clinic staff required researcher assistance to identify eligible patients; 41 patients were randomized, of whom 25 completed follow-up (61%; 13 provider-initiated, 12 patient-initiated). Of the 25, 11 (44%) had initiated the SCP; 5 (20%) provided the SCP to their primary care provider. On the Preparing for Life as a (New) Survivor and Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs, patients in both arms tended to report high knowledge and confidence and few unmet needs. In qualitative interviews, providers and patients discussed SCPs' value. Conclusions: Regardless of patient- versus provider-initiated templates and the Web-based design of these tools, barriers to survivorship care planning persist. Further efforts should emphasize workflow functions for identifying and completing SCPs-regardless of the SCP form used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12
JournalJMIR Cancer
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Mixed methods study
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Survivorship care plan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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