Background: Hepatic metastasis of colorectal carcinomas is the most important factor in prognosis. We examineda the level of apoptosis and proliferation, the expression of survivin, bcl-2, p53 and intratumoral microvessel density (IMVD) in paired tissue specimens of primary human colon tumors and hepatic metastases and determined the molecular biological changes of the tumor cells in liver metastasis. Materials and Methods: We examined, immunohistochemically, the level of apoptosis and proliferation, the expression of survivin, bcl-2, p53 and intratumoral microvessel density in 37 paired tissue specimens of primary colon tumors and hepatic metastases. Results: The mean apoptotic index (AI) was 0.60±0.45 for the primary colon tumors and 1.22±0.73 for the hepatic metastases. The mean proliferative index (PI) was 374±15.8 for the primary colon tumors and 29.4±14.1 for the hepatic metastases. Significantly higher AI and lower PI were observed in the hepatic metastases as compared to the primary colon tumor (p<0.0001 and p=0.0049, respectively). The mean-weighted survivin score was 4.32±2.78 for primary colon carcinomas, and 1.54±1.77 for the hepatic metastases. The mean-weighted bcl-2 score was 2.62±2.62 for the primary colon carcinomas and 0.81±1.56 for the hepatic metastases. There were significantly decreased scores of immunostaining for both survivin and bcl-2 in the hepatic metastases as compared to the primary carcinomas (p<0.0001 and p<0.0002, respectively). Nuclear accumulation of p53 was demonstrated in 25 cases (67.6%) of the primary carcinomas and 24 cases (64.9%) of the hepatic metastases, without significant differences. The IMVD was 89.9±37.5 for primary colon tumors, while it was 55.1±32.5 for hepatic metastases. A statistically significant decrease in the IMVD was observed in the hepatic metastases as compared to the primary colon tumors (p<0.0001). Conclusion: These data suggest that the tissue kinetics of colorectal carcinoma cells in hepatic metastases are biologically quite different from those of primary tumors, probably because of cooperative effects of both internal (AI, survivin, bcl-2) and external (IMVD) regulation factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Colorectal carcinoma
- Hepatic metastasis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research