Comparative studies of mediator release from guinea pig lung mast cells and basophils

B. J. Undem, J. B. Brendel, T. Hirth, C. K. Buckner, F. M. Graziano

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Abstract

Guinea pig lung mast cells and blood basophils were isolated and purified and their mediator release characteristics were compared. Upon stimulation with the antigen ovalbumin (OA) of cells passively sensitized with antiovalbumin (anti-OA) antibody, both cell types released histamine. The sensitivity and maximal response (20 to 25% histamine release) to OA was similar for both cells and was unaffected by cell purification. Antigen-induced histamine release (HR) was dependent upon added calcium to a similar extent (1 mM Ca++ maximal release) in both cell types; OA stimulation of passively sensitized mast cells also released leukotriene bioactivity (maximal release, 52 ± 7 units/106 mast cells). There was no correlation between OA-induced leukotriene release and mast cell purity. No leukotriene bioactivity was detected in actively (sheep blood sensitization) or passively (anti-OA) sensitized basophils. Both lung mast cells and blood basophils released histamine in response to the secretagogues calcium ionophore A23187 and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA); TPA-induced HR from mast cells was independent of added calcium. In basophils, TPA-induced HR was only partially independent of added calcium. While both cell types were poorly responsive to the secretagogue 48/80, only the lung mast cell demonstrated inconsistent HR to concanavalin A (Con-A). Phosphatidylserine had no effect on HR provoked by antigen, Con-A, or compound 48/80. These observations demonstrate similarities and differences in mediator release characteristics between guinea pig lung mast cells and blood basophils that are similar to those observed with human lung mast cells and basophils. These observations also suggest a lack of influence on mediator release by other cell types present in dispersed lung cell and mixed leukocyte preparations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)763-768
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Review of Respiratory Disease
Volume133
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 30 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Undem, B. J., Brendel, J. B., Hirth, T., Buckner, C. K., & Graziano, F. M. (1986). Comparative studies of mediator release from guinea pig lung mast cells and basophils. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 133(5), 763-768.