Hyperuricemia has been associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. The antihyperuricemic febuxostat's potential renoprotective effect has been demonstrated in stage 1–3 CKD. Large-scale studies comparing the renoprotective potential of febuxostat and allopurinol in advanced CKD are lacking. We exclusively selected 6,057 eligible patients with predialysis stage 5 CKD prescribed either febuxostat or allopurinol using the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan during 2012–2015. There were 69.57% of allopurinol users and 42.01% febuxostat users who required long-term dialysis (P < 0.0001). The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 0.65 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.60–0.70) indicated near 35% lower hazards of long-term dialysis with febuxostat use. The renal benefit of febuxostat was consistent across most patient subgroups and/or using the propensity score-matched cohort. The adjusted HR was 0.66 (95% CI, 0.61–0.70) for long-term dialysis or death. In conclusion, lower risk of progression to dialysis was observed in predialysis stage 5 CKD febuxostat users without compromising survival.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)