Comparative molecular and immunoregulatory analysis of extracellular vesicles from Candida albicans and Candida auris.

Daniel Zamith-Miranda, Heino M. Heyman, Sneha P. Couvillion, Radames J.B. Cordero, Macio L. Rodrigues, Leonardo Nimrichter, Arturo Casadevall, Rafaela F. Amatuzzi, Lysangela R. Alves, Ernesto S. Nakayasu, Joshua D. Nosanchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Candida auris is a recently described multidrug-resistant pathogenic fungus that is increasingly responsible for healthcare associated outbreaks across the world. Bloodstream infections of this fungus cause death in up to 70% of the cases. Aggravating this scenario, C. auris’ disease-promoting mechanisms are poorly understood. Fungi release extracellular vesicles (EVs) carrying a broad range of molecules including proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, pigments, and RNA, many of which are virulence factors. Here, we carried out a comparative molecular characterization of C. auris and C. albicans EVs and evaluated their capacity to modulate effector mechanisms of host immune defense. Using proteomics, lipidomics, and transcriptomics, we found that C. auris released EVs with payloads that were strikingly different from EVs released by C. albicans. EVs released by C. auris potentiated the adhesion of this yeast to an epithelial cell monolayer. C. auris EVs also induced the expression of surface activation markers and cytokines by bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. Altogether, our findings show distinct profiles and properties of EVs released by C. auris and by C. albicans, and highlight the potential contribution of C. auris EVs to the pathogenesis of this emerging pathogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2020

Keywords

  • Candida auris
  • Candidiasis
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Fungal pathogenesis
  • Multi-omics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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