High level of clinical and genetic heterogeneity is a characteristic of arterial hypertension (AH) that is one of the most wide-spread cardiovascular diseases. In most cases (excluding a few monogenic forms), AH is a polygenic disease and genes of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system play an important role in AH predisposition. 20-25% AH cases occur during low activity of renin in blood plasma (low-renin form of AH) while aldosterone production can be increased (hyperaldosteronism, HA) or normal. We examined polymorphism of genes that code the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system components in the groups of low-renin forms of AH, namely, primary HA, idiopathic HA and AH with normal level of aldosterone. For all HA cases, the absence of chimeric CYP11B2/CYP11B1 gene that is a cause for monogenic disease--amilial HA of first type, was shown. A comparison of distributions of alleles and genotypes of polymorphous regions of genes: CYP11B2 (C-344T), REN (C-5434T, C-5312T and A BglI G), AGT (Thr174Met), ACE (I/D), CMA (G-1903A), AT2R1 (A1166C) and of their combinations is the groups described above was done. The analysis of carriership of the alleles and genotypes combinations of the polymorphous regions has shown that genes CYP11B2, REN, ACE, CMA andA T2R1 participate in development of low-renin HA. The results are evidence of similarities and some definite differences in genetic nature of the different forms of low-renin AH and, to say more widely, argue that the investigation of genetic predisposition for clinically heterogeneous forms of polygene diseases by comparison of groups of patients, separated in accordance with peculiarities of disease course, holds much promise for their hereditary background understanding.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Jul 2008|
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