Comparative gene expression analysis throughout the life cycle of Leishmania braziliensis: Diversity of expression profiles among clinical isolates

Vanessa Adaui, Denis Castillo, Mirko Zimic, Andres Gutierrez, Saskia Decuypere, Manu Vanaerschot, Simonne de Doncker, Kathy Schnorbusch, Ilse Maes, Gert van der Auwera, Louis Maes, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas, Jorge Arevalo, Jean Claude Dujardin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Most of the Leishmania genome is reported to be constitutively expressed during the life cycle of the parasite, with a few regulated genes. Inter-species comparative transcriptomics evidenced a low number of species-specific differences related to differentially distributed genes or the differential regulation of conserved genes. It is of uppermost importance to ensure that the observed differences are indeed species-specific and not simply specific of the strains selected for representing the species. The relevance of this concern is illustrated by current study. Methodology/Principal Findings: We selected 5 clinical isolates of L. braziliensis characterized by their diversity of clinical and in vitro phenotypes. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed on promastigote and amastigote life stages to assess gene expression profiles at seven time points covering the whole life cycle. We tested 12 genes encoding proteins with roles in transport, thiol-based redox metabolism, cellular reduction, RNA poly(A)-tail metabolism, cytoskeleton function and ribosomal function. The general trend of expression profiles showed that regulation of gene expression essentially occurs around the stationary phase of promastigotes. However, the genes involved in this phenomenon appeared to vary significantly among the isolates considered. Conclusion/Significance: Our results clearly illustrate the unique character of each isolate in terms of gene expression dynamics. Results obtained on an individual strain are not necessarily representative of a given species. Therefore, extreme care should be taken when comparing the profiles of different species and extrapolating functional differences between them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1021
JournalPLoS neglected tropical diseases
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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