Community preparedness for emergency: A cross-sectional survey of residents in Heilongjiang of China

Weilan Xu, Yanhua Hao, Qunhong Wu, Ning Ning, Jia You, Chaojie Liu, Mingli Jiao, Lijun Gao, Zheng Kang, Libo Liang, Hong Sun, Yu Cui, Ye Li, Xiaonan Han, Xin Fang, Xiyan Zhao, Man Hu, Ding Ding, Hao Gao, Jun Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This article aims to identify factors that shape the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of community residents in China's Heilongjiang province towards emergency preparedness. Findings of such a study may provide evidence to support the development of effective public risk communication strategies and education campaigns. Design: A cross-sectional household questionnaire survey was conducted in Heilongjiang province in 2014. A stratified cluster sampling strategy was employed to select study participants. The questionnaires were administered using face-to-face interviews. 2800 questionnaires were completed, among which 2686 (95.9%) were considered valid for data analyses. A multivariate logistic regression model was adopted to identify the extent to which the independent variables were associated with emergency preparedness. Results: Fewer than 5% respondents were well prepared for emergency. Over half (52%) of poorly prepared respondents did not know what to do in emergency; women (OR=1.691), higher household income (OR ranging from 1.666 to 2.117), previous experience with emergency (OR=1.552), higher levels of knowledge about emergency (OR=2.192), risk awareness (OR=1.531), self-efficacy (OR=1.796), as well as positive attitudes towards emergency preparedness (OR=2.265) were significant predictors for emergency preparedness. Neither educational attainment nor exposure to awareness-raising entered into the logic regression model as a significant predictor for emergency preparedness. Conclusions: The level of emergency preparedness in Heilongjiang residents is very low, which is linked with poor knowledge and attitudes of the residents towards emergency preparedness. Future emergency awareness campaigns should be more focused and tailored to the needs of intended audience, taking into consideration of their usual source of information and knowledge in relation to emergency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere008479
JournalBMJ Open
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Civil Defense
China
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emergencies
Logistic Models
Self Efficacy
Communication
Surveys and Questionnaires
Interviews
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Community preparedness for emergency : A cross-sectional survey of residents in Heilongjiang of China. / Xu, Weilan; Hao, Yanhua; Wu, Qunhong; Ning, Ning; You, Jia; Liu, Chaojie; Jiao, Mingli; Gao, Lijun; Kang, Zheng; Liang, Libo; Sun, Hong; Cui, Yu; Li, Ye; Han, Xiaonan; Fang, Xin; Zhao, Xiyan; Hu, Man; Ding, Ding; Gao, Hao; Lu, Jun.

In: BMJ Open, Vol. 5, No. 11, e008479, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, W, Hao, Y, Wu, Q, Ning, N, You, J, Liu, C, Jiao, M, Gao, L, Kang, Z, Liang, L, Sun, H, Cui, Y, Li, Y, Han, X, Fang, X, Zhao, X, Hu, M, Ding, D, Gao, H & Lu, J 2015, 'Community preparedness for emergency: A cross-sectional survey of residents in Heilongjiang of China', BMJ Open, vol. 5, no. 11, e008479. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008479
Xu, Weilan ; Hao, Yanhua ; Wu, Qunhong ; Ning, Ning ; You, Jia ; Liu, Chaojie ; Jiao, Mingli ; Gao, Lijun ; Kang, Zheng ; Liang, Libo ; Sun, Hong ; Cui, Yu ; Li, Ye ; Han, Xiaonan ; Fang, Xin ; Zhao, Xiyan ; Hu, Man ; Ding, Ding ; Gao, Hao ; Lu, Jun. / Community preparedness for emergency : A cross-sectional survey of residents in Heilongjiang of China. In: BMJ Open. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 11.
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abstract = "Objective: This article aims to identify factors that shape the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of community residents in China's Heilongjiang province towards emergency preparedness. Findings of such a study may provide evidence to support the development of effective public risk communication strategies and education campaigns. Design: A cross-sectional household questionnaire survey was conducted in Heilongjiang province in 2014. A stratified cluster sampling strategy was employed to select study participants. The questionnaires were administered using face-to-face interviews. 2800 questionnaires were completed, among which 2686 (95.9{\%}) were considered valid for data analyses. A multivariate logistic regression model was adopted to identify the extent to which the independent variables were associated with emergency preparedness. Results: Fewer than 5{\%} respondents were well prepared for emergency. Over half (52{\%}) of poorly prepared respondents did not know what to do in emergency; women (OR=1.691), higher household income (OR ranging from 1.666 to 2.117), previous experience with emergency (OR=1.552), higher levels of knowledge about emergency (OR=2.192), risk awareness (OR=1.531), self-efficacy (OR=1.796), as well as positive attitudes towards emergency preparedness (OR=2.265) were significant predictors for emergency preparedness. Neither educational attainment nor exposure to awareness-raising entered into the logic regression model as a significant predictor for emergency preparedness. Conclusions: The level of emergency preparedness in Heilongjiang residents is very low, which is linked with poor knowledge and attitudes of the residents towards emergency preparedness. Future emergency awareness campaigns should be more focused and tailored to the needs of intended audience, taking into consideration of their usual source of information and knowledge in relation to emergency.",
author = "Weilan Xu and Yanhua Hao and Qunhong Wu and Ning Ning and Jia You and Chaojie Liu and Mingli Jiao and Lijun Gao and Zheng Kang and Libo Liang and Hong Sun and Yu Cui and Ye Li and Xiaonan Han and Xin Fang and Xiyan Zhao and Man Hu and Ding Ding and Hao Gao and Jun Lu",
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T1 - Community preparedness for emergency

T2 - A cross-sectional survey of residents in Heilongjiang of China

AU - Xu, Weilan

AU - Hao, Yanhua

AU - Wu, Qunhong

AU - Ning, Ning

AU - You, Jia

AU - Liu, Chaojie

AU - Jiao, Mingli

AU - Gao, Lijun

AU - Kang, Zheng

AU - Liang, Libo

AU - Sun, Hong

AU - Cui, Yu

AU - Li, Ye

AU - Han, Xiaonan

AU - Fang, Xin

AU - Zhao, Xiyan

AU - Hu, Man

AU - Ding, Ding

AU - Gao, Hao

AU - Lu, Jun

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Objective: This article aims to identify factors that shape the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of community residents in China's Heilongjiang province towards emergency preparedness. Findings of such a study may provide evidence to support the development of effective public risk communication strategies and education campaigns. Design: A cross-sectional household questionnaire survey was conducted in Heilongjiang province in 2014. A stratified cluster sampling strategy was employed to select study participants. The questionnaires were administered using face-to-face interviews. 2800 questionnaires were completed, among which 2686 (95.9%) were considered valid for data analyses. A multivariate logistic regression model was adopted to identify the extent to which the independent variables were associated with emergency preparedness. Results: Fewer than 5% respondents were well prepared for emergency. Over half (52%) of poorly prepared respondents did not know what to do in emergency; women (OR=1.691), higher household income (OR ranging from 1.666 to 2.117), previous experience with emergency (OR=1.552), higher levels of knowledge about emergency (OR=2.192), risk awareness (OR=1.531), self-efficacy (OR=1.796), as well as positive attitudes towards emergency preparedness (OR=2.265) were significant predictors for emergency preparedness. Neither educational attainment nor exposure to awareness-raising entered into the logic regression model as a significant predictor for emergency preparedness. Conclusions: The level of emergency preparedness in Heilongjiang residents is very low, which is linked with poor knowledge and attitudes of the residents towards emergency preparedness. Future emergency awareness campaigns should be more focused and tailored to the needs of intended audience, taking into consideration of their usual source of information and knowledge in relation to emergency.

AB - Objective: This article aims to identify factors that shape the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of community residents in China's Heilongjiang province towards emergency preparedness. Findings of such a study may provide evidence to support the development of effective public risk communication strategies and education campaigns. Design: A cross-sectional household questionnaire survey was conducted in Heilongjiang province in 2014. A stratified cluster sampling strategy was employed to select study participants. The questionnaires were administered using face-to-face interviews. 2800 questionnaires were completed, among which 2686 (95.9%) were considered valid for data analyses. A multivariate logistic regression model was adopted to identify the extent to which the independent variables were associated with emergency preparedness. Results: Fewer than 5% respondents were well prepared for emergency. Over half (52%) of poorly prepared respondents did not know what to do in emergency; women (OR=1.691), higher household income (OR ranging from 1.666 to 2.117), previous experience with emergency (OR=1.552), higher levels of knowledge about emergency (OR=2.192), risk awareness (OR=1.531), self-efficacy (OR=1.796), as well as positive attitudes towards emergency preparedness (OR=2.265) were significant predictors for emergency preparedness. Neither educational attainment nor exposure to awareness-raising entered into the logic regression model as a significant predictor for emergency preparedness. Conclusions: The level of emergency preparedness in Heilongjiang residents is very low, which is linked with poor knowledge and attitudes of the residents towards emergency preparedness. Future emergency awareness campaigns should be more focused and tailored to the needs of intended audience, taking into consideration of their usual source of information and knowledge in relation to emergency.

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