Beginning in fiscal year (FY) 1994, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with health departments and other human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention partners, set in motion a significant innovation in HIV prevention programs: HIV Prevention Community Planning. This process, implemented by all 65 health departments receiving HIV prevention funds from CDC, requires that the identification and prioritization of HIV prevention needs be a shared responsibility between the health departments administering the funds and representatives of the affected communities for whom the services are intended. Guidance for this planning process strongly embraces the notion that high priority HIV prevention strategies and interventions must have a sound basis in behavioral and social science and that program planning must begin with an accurate assessment of the epidemiology of the current and projected future HIV epidemic. Rather than mandate a single standardized process for all of the 65 jurisdictions, CDC guidance provides flexibility for each jurisdiction to configure a planning process responsive to its own unique circumstances. However, all planning activities must be guided by 13 essential principles. This article will describe the principles and logistics of HIV Prevention Community Planning, identify the potential program benefits of this new undertaking, and describe implementation challenges.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health