Community organization in a school health education program to reduce sodium consumption.

R. B. McKay, David Levine, Lee R Bone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper describes the important role of community organization in providing the enabling and reinforcing factors necessary for students to adopt dietary behavior changes recommended in a school health education program for cardiovascular health. The "Hold the Salt!" program was designed to teach sixth grade students and their families about the link between high sodium diets early in life and increased risk for cardiovascular disease, and to significantly reduce pupils' intake of high-sodium snacks. The program consists of four educational components: a classroom cafeteria curriculum unit built around a board game; parent outreach; health provider reinforcement; and community support. The program was tested in an experimental group (n = 55) of urban, black, sixth grade students, whose knowledge and behavior changes were compared to a control group (n = 23) with similar demographic statistics. Data collected before and after the school program showed a 20% increase in knowledge about sodium and health (p less than .01) and a 33% decrease in reported high-sodium snack consumption (p less than .05) in the experimental group compared to no significant knowledge or reported behavior changes in the control group. The program was piloted for two years in Baltimore City elementary schools, then adopted by the Maryland State Dept. of Education for dissemination as part of the Home Economics curriculum in all of the state's middle schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-366
Number of pages3
JournalThe Journal of school health
Volume55
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

School Health Services
Health Education
health promotion
Sodium
Organizations
organization
Snacks
Students
Causality
Curriculum
school
community
Health
Baltimore
Control Groups
Group
school grade
health
home economics
Pupil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Community organization in a school health education program to reduce sodium consumption. / McKay, R. B.; Levine, David; Bone, Lee R.

In: The Journal of school health, Vol. 55, No. 9, 11.1985, p. 364-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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