Community-based voluntary counseling and testing services in rural communities of Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand

Surinda Kawichai, David D. Celentano, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Surasing Visrutaratna, Onsri Short, Cholticha Ruangyuttikarn, Chonlisa Chariyalertsak, Becky Genberg, Chris Beyrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Between September, 2002 to May, 2003, we implemented community-based HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) services in four rural areas of Chiang Mai Province. The services included providing HIV/AIDS education and free mobile VCT using rapid testing with same day results. Overall, 427 villagers came for VCT (testers) and consented to be interviewed. HIV prevalence among testers was 4.9%, range from 1.1 to 8.4% by area. 'It is free' and/or 'convenient' were the most frequently cited factors that motivated them to get tested (72%) from our mobile VCT. Rural residents came for VCT when logistical barriers were removed. HIV prevalence among testers in some areas was high. Without extending HIV prevention efforts to population segments with less access to health care, the HIV problem in Thailand may re-emerge. Convenient and low-cost VCT may prove crucial for containing this HIV epidemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-777
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Rural Thailand
  • VCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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