Community based studies on childhood mortality in a malaria holoendemic area on the Tanzanian coast

Z. Premji, P. Ndayanga, Clive Julian Shiff, J. Minjas, P. Lubega, J. MacLeod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Demographic surveillance of children under 5 years of age was undertaken over a 2 year period in a rural area of coastal Tanzania where holoendemic malaria conditions exist. The mean annual entomological innoculation rate (EIR) during the period under study was 234 infective bites per person. There were 192 deaths in children and 1130 live births during the 2 years. Of these, 148 were infant deaths giving an infant mortality rate of 131/1000 live births (95% CI 101, 154). There were 44 deaths in children 1-4 years of age and the overall child mortality rate was 10/1000 (95% CI 6.1, 14.3). Using verbal autopsy questionnaires, 56% of the deaths under 4 years were tentatively attributed to malaria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-109
Number of pages9
JournalActa Tropica
Volume63
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1997

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Keywords

  • child mortality
  • community
  • malaria
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Tanzania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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