We evaluated whether risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), particularly adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) related to human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) infection was associated with 63 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 38 candidate genes. The 395 NHL cases registered in Jamaica were matched by age, sex, calendar-year and HTLV serostatus to 309 controls from the same population. Interleukin 13 (IL13) Ex4198A>G SNP (rs20541) was associated with decreased NHL risk (ORAG/AA = 0.62,95% CI = 0.44-0.87, p = 0.006), as was vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, VCAM1 Ex91149G>A SNP (rs1041163) (OR CT = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.54-1.10, ORCC=0.35, 95% CI = 0.16-0.76, p-trend = 0.007). Both results were stronger in analyses restricted to ATL cases and HTLV-positive controls, suggesting a role for these genes in ATL etiology (IL13 ORAG/AA = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.36-0.84, p = 0.005; VCAM1 ORCT = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.42-1.01, ORCC = 0.20, 95% CI = 0.08-0.54, p-trend = 0.001). Confirmation of these results in Caribbean and other populations is needed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research