Commentary: Using potential outcomes to understand causal mediation analysis

Kosuke Imai, Booil Jo, Elizabeth A. Stuart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this commentary, we demonstrate how the potential outcomes framework can help understand the key identification assumptions underlying causal mediation analysis. We show that this framework can lead to the development of alternative research design and statistical analysis strategies applicable to the longitudinal data settings considered by Maxwell, Cole, and Mitchell (2011).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)861-873
Number of pages13
JournalMultivariate Behavioral Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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