Come talk with me: Improving communication between nursing assistants and nursing home residents during care routines

Louis D. Burgio, Rebecca Allen-Burge, David L. Roth, Michelle S. Bourgeois, Katinka Dijkstra, John Gerstle, Erik Jackson, Leanna Bankester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We examined the effects of communication skills training and the use of memory books by certified nursing assistants (CNAs) on verbal interactions between CNAs (n = 64) and nursing home residents (n = 67) during care routines. Design and Methods: CNAs were taught to use communication skills and memory books during their interactions with residents with moderate cognitive impairments and intact communication abilities. A staff motivational system was used to encourage performance and maintenance of these skills. Formal measures of treatment implementation were included. Results: Results were compared with those for participants on no-treatment control units. Trained CNAs talked more, used positive statements more frequently, and tended to increase the number of specific instructions given to residents. Changes in staff behavior did not result in an increase in total time giving care to residents. Maintenance of CNA behavior change was found 2 months after research staff exited the facility. Although an increase was found in positive verbal interactions between CNAs and residents on intervention units, other changes in resident communication were absent. Implications: Nursing staff can be trained to improve and maintain communication skills during care without increasing the amount of time delivering care. The methodological advantages of including measures to assess treatment implementation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-460
Number of pages12
JournalGerontologist
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Long-term care
  • Staff training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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