Combining spectral CT acquisition methods for high-sensitivity material decomposition

Matthew Tivnan, Wenying Wang, Grace J. Gang, Eleni Liapi, Peter Noël, J. Webster Stayman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Quantitative estimation of contrast agent concentration is made possible by spectral CT and material decomposition. There are several approaches to modulate the sensitivity of the imaging system to obtain the different spectral channels required for decomposition. Spectral CT technologies that enable this varied sensitivity include source kV-switching, dual-layer detectors, and source-side filtering (e.g., tiled spatial-spectral filters). In this work, we use an advanced physical model to simulate these three spectral CT strategies as well as hybrid acquisitions using all combinations of two or three strategies. We apply model-based material decomposition to a water-iodine phantom with iodine concentrations from 0.1 to 5.0 mg/mL. We present bias-noise plots for the different combinations of spectral techniques and show that combined approaches permit diversity in spectral sensitivity and improve low concentration imaging performance relative to the those strategies applied individually. Better ability to estimate low concentrations of contrast agent has the potential to reduce risks associated with contrast administration (by lowering dosage) or to extend imaging applications into targets with much lower uptake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2020
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsGuang-Hong Chen, Hilde Bosmans
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510633919
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
EventMedical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging - Houston, United States
Duration: Feb 16 2020Feb 19 2020

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume11312
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period2/16/202/19/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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  • Cite this

    Tivnan, M., Wang, W., Gang, G. J., Liapi, E., Noël, P., & Stayman, J. W. (2020). Combining spectral CT acquisition methods for high-sensitivity material decomposition. In G-H. Chen, & H. Bosmans (Eds.), Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging [1131218] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 11312). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2550025