Sodium butyrate (NaBu) is not only well-known for enhancing protein production, but also degrades glycan quality. In this study, butyrate supplied by the precursor molecule 1,3,4-O-Bu3ManNAc is applied to overcome the negative effects of NaBu on glycan quality while simultaneously increasing the productivity of the model recombinant erythropoietin (EPO). The beneficial impact of 1,3,4-O-Bu3ManNAc on EPO glycan quality, while evident in wild-type CHO cells, is particularly pronounced in glycoengineered CHO cells with stable overexpression of β-1,4- and β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases (GnTIV and GnTV) and α-2,6-sialyltransferase (ST6) enzymes responsible for N-glycan antennarity and sialylation. Supplementation of 1,3,4-O-Bu3ManNAc achieves approximately 30% sialylation enhancement on EPO protein in wild-type CHO cells. Overexpression of GnTIV/GnTV/ST6 in CHO cells increases EPO sialylation about 40%. Combining 1,3,4-O-Bu3ManNAc treatment in glyocengineered CHO cells promotes EPO sialylation about 75% relative to EPO from wild-type CHO cells. Moreover, a detailed mass spectrometric ESI-LC-MS/MS characterization of glycans at each of the three N-glycosylation sites of EPO showed that the 1st N-site is highly sialylated and either the negative impact of NaBu or the beneficial effect 1,3,4-O-Bu3ManNAc treatments mainly affects the 2nd and 3rd N-glycan sites of EPO protein. In summary, these results demonstrate 1,3,4-O-Bu3ManNAc can compensate for the negative effect of NaBu on EPO glycan quality while simultaneously enhancing recombinant protein yields. In this way, a platform that integrates glycoengineering with metabolic supplementation can result in synergistic improvements in both production and glycosylation in CHO cells.
- butyrated ManNAc
- intact glycopeptide analysis, sialylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Medicine