Combined serum amylase and lipase determinations for diagnosis of suspected acute pancreatitis

J. P. Corsetti, C. Cox, T. J. Schulz, D. A. Arvan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Serum amylase and lipase measurements are often used to diagnose acute pancreatitis. This study addresses the question of whether it is advantageous to order serum amylase and lipase tests simultaneously. We evaluated performance of the two tests separately and in combination through a retrospective study of patients for whom both amylase and lipase determinations were ordered. Initial analysis of test performance was conducted with a uniformly applied criterion based on determination of optimal sensitivity-specificity pairs. Individual tests and combinations of tests, including the 'AND' and 'OR' rules and discriminant functions, were examined. Only the discriminant approach demonstrated better performance than the lipase test alone. This finding was subsequently confirmed by logistic regression analysis. We conclude that ordering both tests simultaneously can be advantageous in diagnosing acute pancreatitis when a bivariate approach is used; however, this must be weighed against the difficulties associated with clinical implementation of such approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2495-2499
Number of pages5
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume39
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • logistic regression
  • predictive value
  • sensitivity
  • specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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