■ BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine whether combined 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) could improve the outcome of vitreoretinal surgery with silicone oil for the management of complicated retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) grade C. ■ PATIENTS AND METHODS: In an interventional, controlled, nonrandomized clinical trial, 33 eyes with complicated retinal detachment and PVR underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil and perioperative infusion of 5-FU and LMWH (study group) and 31 eyes underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil without adjunctive medication (control group). ■ RESULTS: In the study group, 24 eyes (72.7%) had the retina attached and 9 had a retinal redetachment (27.3%) at 6 months. In the control group, 25 eyes (80.6%) had the retina attached and 6 eyes (19.4%) had a retinal redetachment at 6 months (chi-square: 0.53, P > .05). One-year postoperative data were available for 17 eyes in the study group and 19 eyes in the control group. Four eyes in each group (23.5% and 21%, respectively) developed retinal redetachment (chi-square: 0.03, P > .05). ■ CONCLUSIONS: Combined 5-FU and LMWH does not seem to improve the outcome of vitreoretinal surgery with silicone oil for the management of complicated retinal detachment with PVR grade C.
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