Combination of PARP Inhibitor Olaparib, and PD-L1 Inhibitor Durvalumab, in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer: a Proof-of-Concept Phase II Study

Erika J. Lampert, Alexandra Zimmer, Michelle Padget, Ashley Cimino-Mathews, Jayakumar R. Nair, Yingmiao Liu, Elizabeth M. Swisher, James W. Hodge, Andrew B. Nixon, Erin Nichols, Mohammad H. Bagheri, Elliott Levy, Marc R. Radke, Stanley Lipkowitz, Christina M. Annunziata, Janis M. Taube, Seth M. Steinberg, Jung Min Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Preclinical studies suggest PARP inhibition (PARPi) induces immunostimulatory micromilieu in ovarian cancer thus complementing activity of immune checkpoint blockade. We conducted a phase II trial of PARPi olaparib and anti-PD-L1 durvalumab and collected paired fresh core biopsies and blood samples to test this hypothesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a single-center, proof-of-concept phase II study, we enrolled women aged ≥18 with recurrent ovarian cancer. All patients were immune checkpoint inhibitor-naïve and had measurable disease per RECISTv1.1, ECOG performance status 0-2, and adequate organ and marrow function. Patients received olaparib 300 mg twice daily and durvalumab 1,500 mg intravenously every 4 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR). Secondary objectives were safety and progression-free survival (PFS). Translational objectives included biomarker evaluation for relationships with clinical response and immunomodulatory effects by treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients with ovarian cancer [median, four prior therapies (IQR, 2-5.5), predominantly platinum-resistant (86%), BRCA wild-type (77%)] received at least one full cycle of treatment. ORR was 14% [5/35; 95% confidence interval (CI), 4.8%-30.3%]. Disease control rate (PR+SD) was 71% (25/35; 95% CI, 53.7%-85.4%). Treatment enhanced IFNγ and CXCL9/CXCL10 expression, systemic IFNγ/TNFα production, and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, indicating an immunostimulatory environment. Increased IFNγ production was associated with improved PFS [HR, 0.37 (95% CI, 0.16-0.87), P = 0.023], while elevated VEGFR3 levels were associated with worse PFS (HR, 3.22 (95% CI, 1.23-8.40), P = 0.017]. CONCLUSIONS: The PARPi and anti-PD-L1 combination showed modest clinical activity in recurrent ovarian cancer. Our correlative study results suggest immunomodulatory effects by olaparib/durvalumab in patients and indicate that VEGF/VEGFR pathway blockade would be necessary for improved efficacy of the combination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4268-4279
Number of pages12
JournalClinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Volume26
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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