Combination of paclitaxel thermal gel depot with temozolomide and radiotherapy significantly prolongs survival in an experimental rodent glioma model

Ananth K. Vellimana, Violette Renard Recinos, Lee Hwang, Kirk D. Fowers, Khan W. Li, Yonggang Zhang, Saint Okonma, Charles G. Eberhart, Henry Brem, Betty M. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OncoGel™ incorporates paclitaxel, a mitotic inhibitor, into ReGel™, a thermosensitive gel depot system to provide local delivery, enhance efficacy and limit systemic toxicity. In previous studies the alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) incorporated into a polymer, pCPP:SA, also for local delivery, and OncoGel were individually shown to increase efficacy in a rat glioma model. We investigated the effects of OncoGel with oral TMZ or locally delivered TMZ polymer, with and without radiotherapy (XRT) in rats with intracranial gliosarcoma. Eighty-nine animals were intracranially implanted with a 9L gliosarcoma tumor and divided into 12 groups that received various combinations of 4 treatment options; OncoGel 6.3 mg/ml (Day 0), 20 Gy XRT (Day 5), 50 % TMZ-pCPP:SA (Day 5), or oral TMZ (50 mg/kg, qd, Days 5-9). Animals were followed for survival for 120 days. Median survival for untreated controls, XRT alone or oral TMZ alone was 15, 19 and 28 days, respectively. OncoGel 6.3 or TMZ polymer alone extended median survival to 33 and 35 days, respectively (p = 0.0005; p < 0.0001, vs. untreated controls) with 50 % living greater than 120 days (LTS) in both groups. Oral TMZ/XRT extended median survival to 36 days (p = 0.0002), with no LTS. The group that received OncoGel and Oral TMZ did not reach median survival with 57 % LTS (p = 0.0002). All other combination groups [OncoGel/XRT], [TMZ polymer/XRT], [OncoGel/TMZ polymer], [OncoGel/TMZ polymer/XRT], and [OncoGel/oral TMZ/XRT] yielded greater than 50 % LTS (p < 0.0001 for each combination as compared to controls), therefore median survival was not reached. OncoGel/TMZ polymer and OncoGel/oral TMZ/XRT had 100 % LTS (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0001 vs. oral TMZ/XRT, respectively). These results indicate that OncoGel given locally with oral or locally delivered TMZ and/or XRT significantly increased the number of LTS and improved median survival compared to oral TMZ and XRT given alone or in combination in a rodent intracranial gliosarcoma model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-236
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Keywords

  • Glioma
  • Paclitaxel
  • Radiation therapy
  • Temozolomide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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