Collateral sensitivity to gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) and cytosine arabinoside of daunorubicin- and VM-26-resistant variants of human small cell lung cancer cell lines

Andries M. Bergman, Birgitte Munch-Petersen, Peter Buhl Jensen, Maxwell Sehested, Gijsbert Veerman, Daphne A. Voorn, Kees Smid, Herbert M. Pinedo, Godefridus J. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multidrug resistance (MDR), characterized by a cross-resistance to many natural toxin-related compounds, may be caused either by overexpression of a drug efflux pump such as P-glycoprotein, (P-gP), multidrug resistance proteins MRP1-3, or BCRP/MXR or, in the case of DNA topoisomerase II active drugs, by a decrease in the enzymatic activity of the target molecule termed altered topoisomerase MDR (at-MDR). However, human small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines showed a collateral sensitivity to 2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine, dFdC) and 1-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C). H69/DAU, a daunorubicin (DAU)-resistant variant of H69 with a P-gP overexpression, and NYH/VM, a VM-26 (teniposide)-resistant variant of NYH with an at-MDR, were both 2-fold more sensitive to gemcitabine and 7- and 2-fold more sensitive to ara-C, respectively. MDR variants had a 4.3- and 2.0-fold increased activity of deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), respectively. dCK catalyzes the first rate-limiting activation step of both gemcitabine and ara-C. In addition, deoxycytidine deaminase, responsible for inactivation of dFdC and ara-C, was 9.0-fold lower in H69/DAU cells. The level of thymidine kinase 2, a mitochondrial enzyme that can also phosphorylate deoxycytidine and gemcitabine, was not significantly different between the variants. These differences most likely caused an increased accumulation of the active metabolites (dFdCTP, 2.1- and 1.6-fold in NYH/VM and H69/DAU cells, respectively) and of ara-CTP (1.3-fold in NYH/VM cells). Ara-CTP accumulation was not detectable in either H69 variant. The pools of all ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates were at least 3- to 4-fold higher in the NYH variants compared to the H69 variants; for dCTP and dGTP this difference was even larger. The higher ribonucleotide pools might explain the >10-fold higher accumulation of dFdCTP in NYH compared to H69 variants. Since dCTP is low, H69 cells might not need a high ara-CTP accumulation to inhibit DNA polymerase. This might be related to the lack of ara-CTP in H69 variants. In addition, the increased CTP, ATP, and UTP pools in the MDR variants might explain the increased ara-CTP and dFdCTP accumulation. In conclusion, the MDR variants of the human SCLC cell lines were collaterally sensitive due to an increased dCK activity, and consequently an increased ara-CTP and dFdCTP accumulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1401-1408
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

gemcitabine
Arabinofuranosylcytosine Triphosphate
Teniposide
Daunorubicin
Cytarabine
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Multiple Drug Resistance
Deoxycytidine Kinase
Cells
Cell Line
deoxycytidine deaminase
P-Glycoprotein
Deoxyribonucleosides
P-Glycoproteins
Ribonucleosides
Ribonucleotides
Cytidine Triphosphate
Type II DNA Topoisomerase
Deoxycytidine
Uridine Triphosphate

Keywords

  • Cytosine arabinoside
  • Deoxycytidine deaminase
  • Deoxycytidine kinase
  • Gemcitabine
  • Multidrug resistance
  • Ribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Thymidine kinase 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Collateral sensitivity to gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) and cytosine arabinoside of daunorubicin- and VM-26-resistant variants of human small cell lung cancer cell lines. / Bergman, Andries M.; Munch-Petersen, Birgitte; Jensen, Peter Buhl; Sehested, Maxwell; Veerman, Gijsbert; Voorn, Daphne A.; Smid, Kees; Pinedo, Herbert M.; Peters, Godefridus J.

In: Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 61, No. 11, 01.06.2001, p. 1401-1408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bergman, Andries M. ; Munch-Petersen, Birgitte ; Jensen, Peter Buhl ; Sehested, Maxwell ; Veerman, Gijsbert ; Voorn, Daphne A. ; Smid, Kees ; Pinedo, Herbert M. ; Peters, Godefridus J. / Collateral sensitivity to gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) and cytosine arabinoside of daunorubicin- and VM-26-resistant variants of human small cell lung cancer cell lines. In: Biochemical Pharmacology. 2001 ; Vol. 61, No. 11. pp. 1401-1408.
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T1 - Collateral sensitivity to gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) and cytosine arabinoside of daunorubicin- and VM-26-resistant variants of human small cell lung cancer cell lines

AU - Bergman, Andries M.

AU - Munch-Petersen, Birgitte

AU - Jensen, Peter Buhl

AU - Sehested, Maxwell

AU - Veerman, Gijsbert

AU - Voorn, Daphne A.

AU - Smid, Kees

AU - Pinedo, Herbert M.

AU - Peters, Godefridus J.

PY - 2001/6/1

Y1 - 2001/6/1

N2 - Multidrug resistance (MDR), characterized by a cross-resistance to many natural toxin-related compounds, may be caused either by overexpression of a drug efflux pump such as P-glycoprotein, (P-gP), multidrug resistance proteins MRP1-3, or BCRP/MXR or, in the case of DNA topoisomerase II active drugs, by a decrease in the enzymatic activity of the target molecule termed altered topoisomerase MDR (at-MDR). However, human small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines showed a collateral sensitivity to 2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine, dFdC) and 1-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C). H69/DAU, a daunorubicin (DAU)-resistant variant of H69 with a P-gP overexpression, and NYH/VM, a VM-26 (teniposide)-resistant variant of NYH with an at-MDR, were both 2-fold more sensitive to gemcitabine and 7- and 2-fold more sensitive to ara-C, respectively. MDR variants had a 4.3- and 2.0-fold increased activity of deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), respectively. dCK catalyzes the first rate-limiting activation step of both gemcitabine and ara-C. In addition, deoxycytidine deaminase, responsible for inactivation of dFdC and ara-C, was 9.0-fold lower in H69/DAU cells. The level of thymidine kinase 2, a mitochondrial enzyme that can also phosphorylate deoxycytidine and gemcitabine, was not significantly different between the variants. These differences most likely caused an increased accumulation of the active metabolites (dFdCTP, 2.1- and 1.6-fold in NYH/VM and H69/DAU cells, respectively) and of ara-CTP (1.3-fold in NYH/VM cells). Ara-CTP accumulation was not detectable in either H69 variant. The pools of all ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates were at least 3- to 4-fold higher in the NYH variants compared to the H69 variants; for dCTP and dGTP this difference was even larger. The higher ribonucleotide pools might explain the >10-fold higher accumulation of dFdCTP in NYH compared to H69 variants. Since dCTP is low, H69 cells might not need a high ara-CTP accumulation to inhibit DNA polymerase. This might be related to the lack of ara-CTP in H69 variants. In addition, the increased CTP, ATP, and UTP pools in the MDR variants might explain the increased ara-CTP and dFdCTP accumulation. In conclusion, the MDR variants of the human SCLC cell lines were collaterally sensitive due to an increased dCK activity, and consequently an increased ara-CTP and dFdCTP accumulation.

AB - Multidrug resistance (MDR), characterized by a cross-resistance to many natural toxin-related compounds, may be caused either by overexpression of a drug efflux pump such as P-glycoprotein, (P-gP), multidrug resistance proteins MRP1-3, or BCRP/MXR or, in the case of DNA topoisomerase II active drugs, by a decrease in the enzymatic activity of the target molecule termed altered topoisomerase MDR (at-MDR). However, human small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines showed a collateral sensitivity to 2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine, dFdC) and 1-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C). H69/DAU, a daunorubicin (DAU)-resistant variant of H69 with a P-gP overexpression, and NYH/VM, a VM-26 (teniposide)-resistant variant of NYH with an at-MDR, were both 2-fold more sensitive to gemcitabine and 7- and 2-fold more sensitive to ara-C, respectively. MDR variants had a 4.3- and 2.0-fold increased activity of deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), respectively. dCK catalyzes the first rate-limiting activation step of both gemcitabine and ara-C. In addition, deoxycytidine deaminase, responsible for inactivation of dFdC and ara-C, was 9.0-fold lower in H69/DAU cells. The level of thymidine kinase 2, a mitochondrial enzyme that can also phosphorylate deoxycytidine and gemcitabine, was not significantly different between the variants. These differences most likely caused an increased accumulation of the active metabolites (dFdCTP, 2.1- and 1.6-fold in NYH/VM and H69/DAU cells, respectively) and of ara-CTP (1.3-fold in NYH/VM cells). Ara-CTP accumulation was not detectable in either H69 variant. The pools of all ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates were at least 3- to 4-fold higher in the NYH variants compared to the H69 variants; for dCTP and dGTP this difference was even larger. The higher ribonucleotide pools might explain the >10-fold higher accumulation of dFdCTP in NYH compared to H69 variants. Since dCTP is low, H69 cells might not need a high ara-CTP accumulation to inhibit DNA polymerase. This might be related to the lack of ara-CTP in H69 variants. In addition, the increased CTP, ATP, and UTP pools in the MDR variants might explain the increased ara-CTP and dFdCTP accumulation. In conclusion, the MDR variants of the human SCLC cell lines were collaterally sensitive due to an increased dCK activity, and consequently an increased ara-CTP and dFdCTP accumulation.

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KW - Deoxycytidine deaminase

KW - Deoxycytidine kinase

KW - Gemcitabine

KW - Multidrug resistance

KW - Ribonucleoside triphosphate

KW - Thymidine kinase 2

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