Cognitive control during selection and repair in word production

Nazbanou Nozari, Michael Freund, Bonnie Breining, Brenda Rapp, Barry Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Word production entails selection of lexical items and their relevant segments among competitors, as well as monitoring and repair processes. In two experiments, we studied the control processes involved in selection (selection control) and covert-error- interception (post-monitoring control). Selection control was studied by manipulating the overlap (contextual similarity) either in semantics or in segments between two objects that participants repeatedly named. Post-monitoring control was examined by asking participants to switch the name of the two objects, thus suppressing a prepotent response (reversal). Results showed robust costs of contextual similarity (for both semantic and segmental overlap) and reversal, but the two did not interact. Moreover, we found no reliable correlation between the cost of contextual similarity at the semantic and segmental levels, suggesting stage-specific selection control processes. The reversal cost, however, was reliably correlated between semantically and segmentally related pairs, implying a control process that is shared by both stages of production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)886-903
Number of pages18
JournalLanguage, Cognition and Neuroscience
Issue number7
StatePublished - Aug 8 2016


  • Spoken and written word production
  • cognitive control
  • executive function
  • monitoring and repair
  • semantic interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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