Cognitive and neural development of individuated self-representation in children

Rebecca D. Ray, Amy L. Shelton, Nick Garber Hollon, Bethany D. Michel, Carl B. Frankel, James J. Gross, John D.E. Gabrieli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Processing the self-relevance of information facilitates recall. Similarly, processing close-other-related information facilitates recall to a lesser degree than processing self-relevant information. This memory advantage may be viewed as an index of the degree to which the representation of self is differentiated from representations of close others. To test developmental hypotheses concerning the self, this study examined the relation of memory for self- and mother-referentially processed information in participants age 7-13 years (Experiment 1: N = 37; Experiment 2: N = 14). Memory for words encoded with reference to oneself increases with age, relative to memory for words encoded with reference to one's mother. When used as an individual difference measure, the difference in self versus mother memory correlates with regions of the rostral anterior cingulate associated with affective salience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1232-1242
Number of pages11
JournalChild development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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