Coexpression of neuronatin splice forms promotes medulloblastoma growth

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Abstract

Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common pediatric brain cancer. Several important developmental pathways have been implicated in MB formation, but fewer therapeutic targets have been identified. To locate frequently overexpressed genes, we performed a comprehensive gene expression survey of MB. Our comparison of 20 primary tumors to normal cerebellum identified neuronatin (NNAT) as the most frequently overexpressed gene in our analysis. NNAT is a neural-specific developmental gene with α and β splice forms. Functional evaluation revealed that RNA interference knockdown of NNAT causes a significant decrease in proliferation. Conversely, coexpression of both splice forms in NNAT-negative MB cell lines increased proliferation, caused a significant shift from G 1 to G2/M, and increased soft agar colony formation and size. When expressed individually, each NNAT splice form had much less effect on these in vitro oncogenic predictors. In an in vivo model, the coexpression of both splice forms conferred the ability of xenograft formation to human MB cells that do not normally form xenografts, whereas a control gene had no effect. Our findings suggest that the frequently observed over-expression of both NNAT splice forms in MB enhances growth in this cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-724
Number of pages9
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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Keywords

  • Medulloblastoma
  • Neuronatin
  • Oncogene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology

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