Co-Administration of a D-Amino Acid Oxidase Inhibitor Potentiates the Efficacy of D-Serine in Attenuating Prepulse Inhibition Deficits After Administration of Dizocilpine

Kenji Hashimoto, Yuko Fujita, Mao Horio, Shinsui Kunitachi, Masaomi Iyo, Dana Ferraris, Takashi Tsukamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: D-Serine, an endogenous agonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, is effective in the treatment of schizophrenia. However, orally administered D-serine is metabolized substantially by D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO), diminishing its oral bioavailability. In this study, we examined the effects of oral D-serine administration with or without a DAAO inhibitor, 5-chloro-benzo[d]isoxazol-3-ol (CBIO), on the prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficits after administration of the NMDA receptor antagonist dizocilpine. Methods: Vehicle or D-serine (30, 300, or 900 mg/kg) with or without CBIO (30 mg/kg) was orally administered to mice 1 hour before administration of dizocilpine (.1 mg/kg), and then the PPI of the acoustic startle response was measured. We measured the extracellular levels of D-serine in the frontal cortex after oral administration of D-serine with or without CBIO. Results: Coadministration of CBIO with D-serine (30 mg/kg), but not D-serine (30 mg/kg) alone, significantly attenuated dizocilpine-induced PPI deficits. Furthermore, coadministration of CBIO significantly increased the extracellular levels of D-serine in the frontal cortex after administration of D-serine. Conclusions: These findings suggest that coadministration of CBIO significantly enhanced the efficacy of D-serine in attenuating PPI deficits by administration of dizocilpine. Therefore, coadministration of D-serine and a DAAO inhibitor has therapeutic potential for the treatment of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1103-1106
Number of pages4
JournalBiological psychiatry
Volume65
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2009

Keywords

  • Bioavailability
  • D-Amino acid oxidase
  • D-Serine
  • NMDA receptors
  • prepulse inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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